Substitutions


If an ingredient runs out, never fear; there may be an innovative solution to your problem.

Scroll down to view food substitutions, or click on a letter to browse all ingredients beginning with that letter.

Recipe Ingredient If you don't have Use

A

Anise Extract

1 teaspoon Pure Anise Extract

1 1/2 teaspoons Anise Seed

 

Apple Pie Spice

1 teaspoon Apple Pie Spice

1 teaspoon Ground Cinnamon plus 1/8 teaspoon Ground Nutmeg

 

Arrowroot

1 tablespoon Arrowroot

2 tablespoons all-purpose flour or 1 tablespoon cornstarch

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B

Baking powder

1 teaspoon baking powder

1/2 teaspoon Cream of Tartar plus 1/4 teaspoon baking soda

 

Beau Monde

1 teaspoon Beau Monde

1 teaspoon Bon App├ętit or 3/4 teaspoon Celery Salt

 

Brandy

5 teaspoons brandy

1 teaspoon Brandy Extract

 

Bread Crumbs

1 cup bread crumbs

3/4 cup cracker crumbs

 

Brown sugar

1 cup firmly packed light brown sugar

1/2 cup firmly packed dark brown sugar plus 1/2 cup sugar. (There may be slight flavor differences.)

 

Butter

1 cup butter

1 cup margarine or 1 cup unsalted butter. (It is not necessary to add salt). Do not use low-fat spreads or light butter in baked goods.

 

Buttermilk

1 cup reduced-fat buttermilk

1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough 2% milk to make 1 cup (let stand 5 minutes before using), or 1 cup 2% milk plus 1 3/4 teaspoons Cream of Tartar, or 2/3 cup plain yogurt plus 1/3 cup milk.

 

Buttermilk

1 cup whole buttermilk

Same as above, but use whole milk

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C

Chervil

1 teaspoon chervil

1 teaspoon Dried Parsley Flakes plus 1/8 teaspoon Rubbed, Dried Sage

 

Chicken or beef broth

1 cup chicken or beef broth

1 cup hot water and 1 teaspoon Chicken or Beef Flavor Base or 1 bouillon cube.

 

Chili Powder

1 teaspoon Hot Chili Powder

1 teaspoon regular Chili Powder plus 1/8 teaspoon Ground Red Pepper

 

Chocolate

1 square (1 ounce) unsweetened chocolate

3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1 tablespoon vegetable shortening or cooking oil

 

Corn syrup

1 cup corn syrup

1 cup sugar plus 1/4 cup milk or water. Dark can be substituted for light, but there may be flavor differences.

 

Cornstarch

1 tablespoon cornstarch (for thickening)

2 tablespoons all-purpose flour or 2 teaspoons Arrowroot

 

Cream

1 cup heavy cream, whipped

2 cups whipped dessert topping

 

Cream

1 cup light cream

1 tablespoon melted butter plus enough milk to make 1 cup

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E

Egg white

1 egg white

1 tablespoon meringue powder plus 2 tablespoons water (in a meringue application)

F

Flour

1 cup cake flour

1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour

 

Flour

1 tablespoon flour (as thickener)

1/2 tablespoon Arrowroot, cornstarch, potato starch or rice starch, or 1 tablespoon quick-cooking tapioca

 

Flour

1 cup self-rising flour

1 cup all-purpose plus 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon salt

 

Fresh Herbs

3 teaspoons fresh chopped Basil

1 teaspoon dried Basil

 

 

3 teaspoons fresh chopped Dill

1 teaspoon dried Dill

 

 

2 teaspoons fresh chopped Marjoram

1 teaspoon dried Marjoram

 

 

2 teaspoons fresh chopped Mint

1 teaspoon dried Mint

 

 

2 teaspoons fresh chopped Oregano

1 teaspoon dried Oregano

 

 

2 teaspoons fresh chopped Rosemary

1 teaspoon dried Rosemary

 

 

2 teaspoons fresh chopped Sage

1 teaspoon dried Sage

 

 

3 teaspoons fresh chopped Tarragon

1 teaspoon dried Tarragon

 

 

3 teaspoons fresh chopped Thyme

1 teaspoon dried Thyme

G

Garlic

1 medium-size clove garlic

1/8 teaspoon Garlic Powder

 

Ginger

1 teaspoon chopped fresh ginger

1/4 teaspoon Ground Ginger

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H

Herbs

1 teaspoon dried Basil

3 teaspoons fresh chopped Basil

 

 

1 teaspoon dried Dill

3 teaspoons fresh chopped Dill

 

 

1 teaspoon dried Marjoram

2 teaspoons fresh chopped Marjoram

 

 

1 teaspoon dried Mint

2 teaspoons fresh chopped Mint

 

 

1 teaspoon dried Oregano

2 teaspoons fresh chopped Oregano

 

 

1 teaspoon dried Rosemary

2 teaspoons fresh chopped Rosemary

 

 

1 teaspoon dried Sage

2 teaspoons fresh chopped Sage

 

 

1 teaspoon dried Tarragon

3 teaspoons fresh chopped Tarragon

 

 

1 teaspoon dried Thyme

3 teaspoons fresh chopped Thyme

 

Honey

1 cup honey

1 1/4 cups sugar plus 1/4 cup milk or water

I

Italian Seasoning

1 teaspoon Italian Seasoning

1/4 teaspoon EACH Oregano Leaves, Marjoram Leaves and Basil Leaves plus 1/8 teaspoon Rubbed Sage

M

Milk

1 cup whole milk

1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water or 1 cup water plus 1/3 cup nonfat dry milk powder

 

Mustard

1 tablespoon prepared mustard

1 teaspoon Ground Mustard (in cooked dishes)

 

 

1 tablespoon prepared mustard

1/2 teaspoon Ground Mustard plus 2 teaspoons vinegar (in cold or uncooked dishes)

O

Onion

1 medium-size onion, chopped (2/3 cup)

1 tablespoon Onion Powder or 1/4 cup Instant Minced or Chopped Onion

 

Orange or lemon peel

1 teaspoon grated fresh orange or lemon peel

Slightly less or equal amounts of Dehydrated Lemon or Orange Peel

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P

Poultry Seasoning

1 teaspoon Poultry Seasoning

1/4 teaspoon Ground Thyme plus 3/4 teaspoon Ground Sage

 

Pumpkin Pie Spice

1 teaspoon Pumpkin Pie Spice

1/2 teaspoon Ground Cinnamon plus 1/4 teaspoon Ground Ginger and 1/8 teaspoon EACH Ground Cloves and Ground Nutmeg

R

Rum

1 tablespoon dark (gold) rum

1 1/2 teaspoons Rum Extract

 

 

1 tablespoon light rum

1/2 teaspoon Rum Extract

S

Sour cream

1 cup dairy sour cream

1 cup plain yogurt plus 3 tablespoons melted butter

 

Sugar

1 cup granulated sugar

1 cup firmly packed brown sugar or 2 cups sifted confectioners sugar

T

Tomato juice

1 cup tomato juice

1/2 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup water

 

Tomato sauce

2 cups tomato sauce

3/4 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water

 

Tomatoes

1 cup canned tomatoes

1 1/3 cups cut-up fresh tomatoes simmered 10 minutes

W

Wine

1 cup wine

1 cup fruit juice in desserts or 1 cup chicken broth in savory recipes

Y

Yeast

1 package (1/4 ounce) active dry yeast

1 cake compressed yeast